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Sudan normalizes relations with Israel, Trump announces – 特朗普宣布苏丹与以色列实现关系正常化

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Sudan normalizes relations with Israel, Trump announces

A joint statement agreed “to end the state of belligerence between their nations.”

By JNS

Sudan has agreed to normalize ties with Israel and “agreed to make peace,” announced U.S. President Donald Trump on Friday.

The move follows the White House announcement that Trump has informed Congress of his intent to remove Sudan from the U.S. list of State Sponsors of Terrorism, following Khartoum’s agreement to pay $335 million in compensation to victims of the Al-Qaeda attacks on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, and on the destroyer USS Cole in 2000—attacks that American courts have ruled Sudan aided and abetted.

“We are expanding the circle of peace so rapidly. … This truly changes the region. It changes the lives of all our people for the better,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told Trump by phone on Friday as Trump was surrounded by administration members, including U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and senior adviser Jared Kushner.

Also on the phone was Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.

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Kushner said the agreement will help reduce extremism, terrorism and anti-Semitism, noting that “these peace agreements are not as easy as President Trump and his team are making them look,” he said.

A joint statement by the three nations “agreed to the normalization of relations between Sudan and Israel and to end the state of belligerence between their nations.”

“In addition, the leaders agreed to begin economic and trade relations, with an initial focus on agriculture,” continued the statement. “The leaders also agreed that delegations will meet in the coming weeks to negotiate agreements of cooperation in those areas as well as in agriculture technology, aviation, migration issues and other areas for the benefit of the two peoples.”

It also stated that they “resolved to work together to build a better future and advance the cause of peace in the region. This move will improve regional security and unlock new opportunities for the people of Sudan, Israel, the Middle East and Africa.”

Sudan follows the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, which normalized ties with Israel through signing the Abraham Accords on Sept. 15 in a White House ceremony. The two Gulf states were the first to normalize relations with the Jewish state. Jordan and Egypt made peace with Israel in 1994 and 1979, respectively.

Sudan cannot receive foreign aid until it is removed from the U.S. list of terrorism list, which it has been on since 1993 for allegedly granting refuge and assistance to the U.S.-designated terrorist group Hezbollah and Palestinian terrorists.

The Sudanese military overthrew the 10-year dictatorship of former leader Omar al-Bashir in April 2019. A mixed military-civilian government currently rules the country until possible elections in 2022.

Sudan, an Arab-Muslim-majority country that borders Egypt to the south, has long been viewed as a hostile nation towards the Jewish state.

Its rejection of Israel was made famous with the 1967 Khartoum Resolution, issued at the conclusion of the Arab League summit in the wake of the Six-Day War and declaring the “Three Nos”: no peace, no recognition, no negotiations.

However, the new government, keen on reforming the economy and expand international investment, sees friendlier ties with Israel as a step in improving relations with the United States. Sudan’s western neighbor, Chad, established ties with Israel in 2019, and South Sudan, which gained independence from Sudan in 2011, also has diplomatic relations with the Jewish state.

联合声明同意“结束两国之间的交战状态”。

由JNS

美国总统唐纳德·特朗普周五宣布,苏丹已同意与以色列建立正常关系,并“同意建立和平”。

在此举之前,白宫宣布特朗普已告知国会,他打算将苏丹从美国国家恐怖主义赞助者名单中删除,此前喀土穆同意向“基地”组织袭击美国驻肯尼亚使馆的受害者支付3.35亿美元的赔偿金。 1998年在坦桑尼亚,坦桑尼亚和2000年在科尔号驱逐舰上–美国法院裁定苏丹应予以援助和教bet。

“我们正在如此迅速地扩大和平圈子。 ……这确实改变了该地区。以色列总理本杰明·内塔尼亚胡周五在电话中告诉特朗普,当时特朗普被包括美国国务卿迈克·庞培,美国财政部长史蒂文·姆努钦和高级顾问贾里德·库什纳在内的政府成员包围,这使我们所有人的生活更加美好。 。

苏丹总理阿卜杜拉·哈姆多克也在电话中。

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库什纳说,该协议将有助于减少极端主义,恐怖主义和反犹太主义,并指出“这些和平协议并不像特朗普总统及其团队让他们看起来那样容易,”他说。

两国的联合声明“同意苏丹与以色列之间的关系正常化,并结束两国之间的交战状态。”

声明继续说:“此外,领导人同意开始建立经贸关系,最初侧重于农业。” “两国领导人还商定,各代表团将在未来几周举行会议,以商讨在这些领域以及在农业技术,航空,移民问题和其他领域的合作协定,以造福两国人民。”

它还表示,他们“决心共同努力,共创美好的未来,推动该地区的和平事业。此举将改善区域安全,并为苏丹,以色列,中东和非洲人民创造新的机会。”

苏丹效仿阿拉伯联合酋长国和巴林,后者于9月15日在白宫举行的仪式上签署了《亚伯拉罕协定》,从而使与以色列的关系正常化。海湾两个国家是第一个与犹太国家实现关系正常化的国家。约旦和埃及分别于1994年和1979年与以色列实现和平。

苏丹要从美国的恐怖主义清单中删除,就无法获得外国援助。据称,苏丹自1993年以来一直在向美国指定的恐怖组织真主党和巴勒斯坦恐怖分子提供庇护和援助。

苏丹军队于2019年4月推翻了前领导人奥马尔·巴希尔(Omar al-Bashir)的10年独裁统治。军民混合政府目前统治着该国,直到2022年可能举行大选。

苏丹是南部与埃及接壤的阿拉伯-穆斯林占多数的国家,长期以来一直被视为对犹太国家的敌对国家。

在六日战争结束后阿拉伯联盟首脑会议闭幕时发布的1967年喀土穆决议,宣布了对以色列的拒绝,并宣布了“三个否定”:没有和平,没有承认,没有谈判。

然而,新政府热衷于改革经济和扩大国际投资,认为与以色列的友好关系是改善与美国关系的一步。苏丹的西方邻国乍得于2019年与以色列建立了关系,南苏丹于2011年从苏丹获得独立,也与犹太国家建立了外交关系。

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