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历史日志

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Albania Joins Global Efforts to Combat Anti-Semitism, 2nd Muslim-Majority Country to Do So – 阿尔巴尼亚参加全球反犹太主义斗争,这是穆斯林占多数的第二个国家

United with Israel

Albania Holocaust memorial

U.S Ambassador to Albania Yuri Kim speaks during the inauguration of a memorial in Tirana to the six million Jews murdered during the Holocaust and for the Albanians who protected them from the Nazis, , July 9, 2020. (Xhulio Hajdari/Tirana City Hall via AP)

美国驻阿尔巴尼亚大使尤里·金(Yuri Kim)在地拉那的纪念馆就职典礼上致辞,内容是针对2020年7月9日在大屠杀中被谋杀的600万犹太人以及保护他们免受纳粹侵害的阿尔巴尼亚人。(Xhulio Hajdari /地拉那市政厅通过AP )

Albania’s parliament unanimously voted to approve the IHRA definition of anti-Semitism, becoming the second majority-Muslim country to adopt it after Kosovo.

By Associated Press

The Albanian Parliament on Thursday passed a resolution joining global efforts to combat anti-Semitism.

The parliament unanimously voted to approve the definition of anti-Semitism from the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA), becoming the second majority-Muslim country to adopt it after Kosovo.

The definition describes hate speech and other acts that discriminate against the Jewish people or the state, their properties or religious objects.

Next week, the first ever Balkans Forum Against Anti-Semitism will be held in Albania.

The New York-based Combat Anti-Semitism Movement called Albania’s act a “landmark decision” and urged other countries to join it.

“At a time when anti-Semitism is increasing across the world, the IHRA definition has never been more important. Not only does it spell out exactly what Jew-hatred looks like, but adopting IHRA’s definition makes clear that anti-Semitism has no place in free, democratic and tolerant societies such as Albania,” said CAM’s head, Sacha Roytman-Dratwa.

Nazi German forces occupied Albania from September 1943 until November 1944, when they were pushed out by local communist partisans. However, Albania boasts that it was the only country where no Jews were killed or handed over to the Nazis.

The country’s Jewish population rose from 200 before World War II to more than 3,000 by its end as Albanians protected their Jewish friends, and helped other Jews who fled from Germany and Austria by either smuggling them abroad or hiding them at home.

A small Jewish community living in Albania left the country for Israel just after the fall of the communist regime in 1991.

Next week, the first ever Balkans Forum Against Anti-Semitism will be held in Albania.

阿尔巴尼亚议会一致投票通过了IHRA关于反犹太主义的定义,成为继科索沃之后采用第二种多数穆斯林的国家。

美联社

阿尔巴尼亚议会星期四通过了一项决议,加入了全球反犹太主义的斗争。

议会一致投票通过了国际大屠杀纪念联盟(IHRA)的反犹太主义定义,成为继科索沃之后采用该原则的第二个占多数的穆斯林国家。

该定义描述了仇恨言论和其他歧视犹太人或国家,其财产或宗教物品的行为。

下周,第一个巴尔干反犹太主义论坛将在阿尔巴尼亚举行。

总部位于纽约的反犹太主义战斗运动称阿尔巴尼亚的行为为“具有里程碑意义的决定”,并敦促其他国家加入。

“在世界范围内反犹太主义日益猖time之际,《国际卫生条例(HRA)》的定义从未如此重要。 CAM的负责人Sacha Roytman-Dratwa表示:“这不仅清楚说明了犹太人的模样,而且采纳了IHRA的定义明确表明,反犹太主义在阿尔巴尼亚这样的自由,民主和宽容的社会中没有地位。”

1943年9月至1944年11月,纳粹德国军队占领了阿尔巴尼亚,当地共产党游击队将其驱逐出境。但是,阿尔巴尼亚夸耀它是唯一没有犹太人被杀害或移交给纳粹的犹太人。

该国的犹太人口从第二次世界大战前的200人增加到结束时的3,000多人,原因是阿尔巴尼亚人保护了他们的犹太朋友,并通过将他们偷运到国外或将他们藏在国内来帮助其他逃离德国和奥地利的犹太人。

1991年共产党政权垮台后,居住在阿尔巴尼亚的一个小犹太社区就离开了以色列。
下周,第一个巴尔干反犹太主义论坛将在阿尔巴尼亚举行。

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