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Kosovo makes history: First Muslim country to open embassy in Jerusalem – 科索沃创造历史:第一个在耶路撒冷设立大使馆的穆斯林国家

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Kosovo makes history: First Muslim country to open embassy in Jerusalem

 

“Kosovo will be the first majority-Muslim country to open an embassy in Jerusalem,” declared Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

By Associated Press

President Donald Trump announced Friday that Serbia and Kosovo have agreed to normalize economic ties as part of U.S.-brokered talks that include Belgrade moving its Israeli embassy to Jerusalem, and mutual recognition between Israel and Kosovo.

After two days of meetings with Trump administration officials, Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic and Kosovo’s Prime Minister Avdullah Hoti agreed to cooperate on a range of economic fronts to attract investment and create jobs. The announcement provided Trump with a diplomatic win ahead of the November presidential election and further improves Israel’s international standing.

“I’m pleased to announce a truly historic commitment,” Trump said in the Oval Office, standing alongside the two leaders. “Serbia and Kosovo have each committed to economic normalization.”

“After a violent and tragic history and years of failed negotiations, my administration proposed a new way of bridging the divide. By focusing on job creation and economic growth, the two countries were able to reach a major breakthrough,” the president said.

Trump said Serbia has committed to open a commercial office in Jerusalem this month and move its embassy there in July.

Serbia’s decision to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem is a nod to both Israel and the United States. The Trump administration recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in late 2017 and moved the U.S. embassy there in May 2018.

The administration has encouraged other countries to do the same but has been widely criticized by the Palestinians and many in Europe who favor the Palestinians in their conflict with the Jewish state. Until now, Kosovo, a predominantly Muslim country, has never recognized Israel.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu thanked the president of Serbia for moving the embassy to Jerusalem. He confirmed that Israel and Kosovo will establish diplomatic relations and said Pristina also will open its embassy in Jerusalem.

“Kosovo will be the first majority-Muslim country to open an embassy in Jerusalem,” Netanyahu said. “As I’ve said in recent days, the circle of peace and recognition of Israeli is widening and is expected to add additional countries.”

In all, a total of four countries now recognize that Israel’s capital is Jerusalem, including the U.S. and Guatemala.

The gestures to Israel are part of the Trump administration’s push to support the Jewish state, which has included forceful denunciations of criticism of Israel at the United Nations and in other international venues.

Most recently, the administration brokered a deal for Israel and the United Arab Emirates to normalize relations.

That was followed by the first commercial flight between Israel and the UAE, with neighboring Saudi Arabia and Bahrain to allow such flights to pass through their airspace. Additional Arab states, including Sudan, Bahrain and Oman, have been identified as countries that might also normalize relations with Israel.

Kosovo’s Parliament declared independence from Serbia in 2008, nine years after NATO conducted a 78-day airstrike campaign against Serbia to stop a bloody crackdown against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo.

Most Western nations have recognized Kosovo’s independence, but Serbia and its allies Russia and China have not.

The ongoing deadlock and Serbia’s unwillingness to recognize Kosovo have kept tensions simmering and prevented full stabilization of the Balkan region after the bloody wars in the 1990s.

“These were difficult talks for us, but I’m truly satisfied,” Vucic told Serbian reporters in Washington.

He stressed that the economic agreement does not include “mutual recognition” between Serbia and Kosovo. But he hailed the talks as a big victory for Serbia and a step toward closer ties with the U.S. Despite officially seeking membership in the European Union, Serbia has been forging close political, economic and military ties with Russia and China.

Hoti said moving ahead with economic normalization was a “huge step forward.” He said rail links and various other major infrastructure projects discussed will bring an estimated $1.18 billion ($1 billion euros) in major economic changes to Kosovo in the next three to five years.

Kosovo also agreed to a one-year pause in efforts seeking new membership in international organizations. And Serbia agreed to a one-year pause of any campaign against Kosovo’s efforts for membership into international organizations and new recognition from other countries.

Serbia and Kosovo earlier approved air, rail and transit agreements, including one that would clear the way for the first flight between Pristina and Belgrade in 21 years. Trump envoy Richard Grenell said U.S. companies also could benefit from normalizing commerce.

“American companies were telling us they were pulling out — like rental car companies. Because if you rented a car in Kosovo, you couldn’t drive over the border. You couldn’t leave,” Grenell said. “So we had American businesses beginning to pull back, saying it just doesn’t make sense. And the Europeans were complaining just as much.”

On Monday, Vucic and Hoti are scheduled to go to Brussels to hold talks under the auspices of the EU’s foreign policy chief Josep Borrell and special envoy for the Belgrade-Pristina dialogue Miroslav Lajcak.

The EU has mediated the talks between the two former wartime foes for more than a decade, and the parallel U.S. effort, although focused on economic development, has not been fully embraced by some EU officials.

以色列总理本杰明·内塔尼亚胡宣布:“科索沃将是第一个在耶路撒冷设立使馆的多数穆斯林国家。”

美联社

唐纳德·特朗普总统星期五宣布,塞尔维亚和科索沃已同意使经济联系正常化,这是美国代理谈判的一部分,其中包括贝尔格莱德将其以色列大使馆迁至耶路撒冷,以及以色列和科索沃之间的相互承认。

在与特朗普政府官员会晤两天后,塞尔维亚总统亚历山大·武齐奇和科索沃总理阿维杜拉·霍蒂同意在一系列经济领域开展合作,以吸引投资并创造就业机会。这项宣布为特朗普在11月总统大选之前赢得了外交胜利,并进一步提高了以色列的国际地位。

特朗普在椭圆形办公室与两位领导人并肩站立时说:“我很高兴宣布一项真正的历史性承诺。” “塞尔维亚和科索沃都致力于经济正常化。”

“在经历了暴力和悲剧的历史以及多年失败的谈判之后,我国政府提出了弥合鸿沟的新方法。通过专注于创造就业和经济增长,两国能够取得重大突破。”

特朗普说,塞尔维亚已承诺本月在耶路撒冷开设一家商业办事处,并于7月将其大使馆迁至耶路撒冷。

塞尔维亚决定将其大使馆从特拉维夫迁至耶路撒冷,这对以色列和美国都表示了敬意。特朗普政府于2017年底承认耶路撒冷为以色列的首都,并于2018年5月将美国大使馆迁至以色列。

布什政府鼓励其他国家也这样做,但遭到了巴勒斯坦人和许多欧洲人的广泛批评,他们在与犹太国家的冲突中主张巴勒斯坦人。到目前为止,主要是穆斯林国家科索沃从未承认以色列。

以色列总理本杰明·内塔尼亚胡感谢塞尔维亚总统将使馆迁至耶路撒冷。他确认以色列和科索沃将建立外交关系,并说普里什蒂纳也将在耶路撒冷开设大使馆。

内塔尼亚胡说:“科索沃将是第一个在耶路撒冷设立使馆的多数穆斯林国家。” “正如我最近几天所说,和平与承认以色列的圈子正在扩大,并有望增加其他国家。”

总共共有四个国家认识到以色列的首都是耶路撒冷,包括美国和危地马拉。

向以色列的手势是特朗普政府支持犹太国家的努力的一部分,其中包括在联合国和其他国际场合强烈谴责以色列的批评。

最近,政府为以色列和阿拉伯联合酋长国达成协议,使关系正常化。

随后,以色列和阿联酋之间进行了首次商业飞行,与邻国沙特阿拉伯和巴林之间的商业飞行得以通过。还确定了包括苏丹,巴林和阿曼在内的其他阿拉伯国家,这些国家也可能使与以色列的关系正常化。

在北约对塞尔维亚进行为期78天的空袭运动以制止对科索沃的阿尔巴尼亚族人的血腥镇压后的九年,科索沃议会于2008年宣布脱离塞尔维亚独立。

大多数西方国家都承认科索沃独立,但塞尔维亚及其盟国俄罗斯和中国却没有。

持续的僵局和塞尔维亚不愿承认科索沃使紧张局势缓和,并在1990年代的流血战争之后阻止了巴尔干地区的全面稳定。

“这对我们来说是艰难的谈判,但我真的很满意,”武齐奇在华盛顿对塞尔维亚记者说。

他强调,经济协议不包括塞尔维亚和科索沃之间的“相互承认”。但他称这次会谈是塞尔维亚的重大胜利,也是朝着与美国建立更紧密关系迈出的一步。尽管正式寻求加入欧盟,但塞尔维亚一直在与俄罗斯和中国建立密切的政治,经济和军事关系。

Hoti说,实现经济正常化是“巨大的进步”。他说,讨论中的铁路连接和其他各种主要基础设施项目将在未来三到五年内为科索沃带来11.8亿美元(10亿欧元)的重大经济变化。

科索沃还同意暂停为期一年的寻求国际组织新成员的努力。塞尔维亚同意,任何反对科索沃加入国际组织的努力和其他国家的新认可的运动都将停战一年。

塞尔维亚和科索沃早先批准了航空,铁路和过境协议,其中包括将为普里什蒂纳和贝尔格莱德之间21年内的首次飞行扫清道路的协议。特朗普特使理查德·格伦内尔(Richard Grenell)表示,美国公司也可以从正常贸易中受益。

“美国公司告诉我们,他们正在退出,就像租车公司一样。 因为如果您在科索沃租车,就无法越过边境。 你无法离开,”格林内尔说。 “因此,我们让美国企业开始撤退,说这没有道理。 欧洲人也在抱怨。”

周一,武齐奇和霍蒂定于布鲁塞尔在欧盟外交政策负责人何塞普·博雷尔和贝尔格莱德与普里什蒂纳对话米洛斯拉夫·拉杰克特使的特使主持下举行会谈。

欧盟已经调解了两个前战时敌人之间的会谈已有十多年的历史,尽管美国侧重于经济发展,但一些欧盟官员并未完全接受其平行努力。

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