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“Trouble and distress have come upon me, but your commands give me delight.” — Psalm 119:143 Listen to chapter Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. Powered by BibleGateway.com.

历史日志

2018年十一月
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US eliminates independent Palestinian ‘embassy’ in Jerusalem

The US delivered another message to the Abbas regime on Thursday by downgrading the status of its diplomatic mission to the Palestinians in Jerusalem.

By Associated Press and World Israel News Staff

The United States on Thursday downgraded the status of its main diplomatic mission to the Palestinian Authority (PA) by placing it under the authority of the U.S. Embassy to Israel.

immediately denounced by the PA and hailed by Israel, effectively ends the Jerusalem consulate’s independent status, a decision that had previously had faced resistance from within the State Department.

The move, which was

U.S. Ambassador to Israel David Friedman’s push for the move picked up steam in May after the Trump administration moved the embassy from Tel Aviv to Israel’s capital, Jerusalem. The Palestinians vehemently objected to the decision and responded with a boycott of all Trump administration officials.

The U.S. consulate had for years served as a de facto embassy to the Palestinian Authority but will now be known as the Palestinian Affairs Unit of the Embassy to Israel. It will remain in its current location, at least for now, the State Department said.

The step, which was announced by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, means that the Jerusalem consulate will no longer have a separate channel to Washington to report on Palestinian affairs and will no longer be run by a consul general with authorities tantamount to those of an ambassador.

‘Great Day for Israel, Jerusalem, and the US’

In a statement, Pompeo said the merger of the consulate into the embassy is intended to “achieve significant efficiencies and increase our effectiveness.” He denied that it signaled any change in U.S. policy toward Jerusalem or the Palestinian territories.

“The United States continues to take no position on final status issues, including boundaries or borders,” he said. “The specific boundaries of Israeli sovereignty in Jerusalem are subject to final status negotiations between the parties.”

The administration, Pompeo said, remains “strongly committed to achieving a lasting and comprehensive peace that offers a brighter future to Israel and the Palestinians. We look forward to continued partnership and dialogue with the Palestinian people and, we hope in the future, with the Palestinian leadership.”

Although Pompeo sought to portray the move as a bureaucratic management shift, the downgrading of the consulate has potent symbolic resonance, suggesting American recognition of Israeli control over Jerusalem and Judea and Samaria.

Michael Oren, Israel’s deputy Cabinet minister for public diplomacy and a former Israeli ambassador to Washington, appeared to lend credence to that view in a tweet welcoming the step.

“A great day for Israel, Jerusalem, and the United States,” he wrote. The announcement “closing the U.S. consulate in Jerusalem and transferring its responsibilities to the embassy ends the last vestige of American support for the city’s division. Israel is deeply grateful.”

Palestinians Fume

The Palestinians, who cut off nearly all contacts with the Trump administration after it recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital late last year, meanwhile, quickly denounced it.

Nabil Shaath, the international affairs adviser to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, said it was a “very bad decision” that violated past agreements and continued President Donald Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

“Now, he is cutting the last connection he is said to have with the Palestinian people. He is practically saying Jerusalem is for Israel,” Shaath said. “This decision has nothing to do with peace. It complicates peace and makes it impossible.”

The consulate downgrade is just the latest in a series of decisions by Trump that the Palestinians have condemned.

The administration in December recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, and in January it slashed, and then ultimately ended, U.S. funding to the Palestinian’s U.N. agency (UNRWA), as it also did with the vast majority of bilateral assistance to the Palestinians.

Last month, the administration ordered the closure of the Palestinian diplomatic mission in Washington, citing U.S. law that mandates its closure unless credible peace talks with Israel are underway.

Since he became U.S. ambassador to Israel, Friedman, had argued he should have authority over the consulate, which for decades has operated differently than almost every other U.S. consulate around the world.

Typically, the head of a consulate, known as a consul general, reports to the ambassador, who has “chief of mission authority” over all U.S. posts in the country. In contrast, the consul general running the Jerusalem consulate historically had his or her own chief of mission authority. The closest comparable case to the Jerusalem situation is the U.S. Consulate in Hong Kong, which also has its own chief of mission who does not report to the U.S. ambassador in Beijing.

周四,美国通过降低驻耶路撒冷巴勒斯坦外交使团的地位向阿巴斯政权传达了另一个信息。

美联社和世界以色列新闻工作者

周四,美国将其派往巴勒斯坦权力机构(PA)的主要外交使团置于美国驻以色列大使馆的权力之下,降低了它的地位。

这一举动立即遭到巴勒斯坦权力机构的谴责,并受到以色列的欢迎,有效地结束了耶路撒冷领事馆的独立地位,这一决定之前曾遭到美国国务院内部的抵制。

美国驻以色列大使戴维·弗里德曼(David Friedman)五月份推动这一举措的势头有所增强,此前特朗普政府将大使馆从特拉维夫迁往以色列首都耶路撒冷。巴勒斯坦人强烈反对这一决定,并抵制特朗普政府所有官员的回应。

美国领事馆多年来一直是巴勒斯坦权力机构的事实上的大使馆,但现在被称为驻以色列大使馆的巴勒斯坦事务股。美国国务院说,至少在目前,它仍将保持在目前的位置。

美国国务卿迈克·庞培宣布的这一步骤意味着,耶路撒冷领事馆将不再有单独通往华盛顿报告巴勒斯坦事务的通道,也不再由总领事管理,其权力相当于大使的权力。

“以色列、耶路撒冷和美国的大好日子”

庞培在一份声明中说,将领事馆并入大使馆的目的是“提高办事效率,提高办事效率”。他否认此举表明美国对耶路撒冷和巴勒斯坦领土的政策有任何改变。

他说:“美国继续对最终的地位问题,包括边界或边界不采取任何立场。”“以色列主权在耶路撒冷的具体边界取决于双方的最终地位谈判。”

庞培说,政府仍然“坚定地致力于实现持久和全面的和平,为以色列和巴勒斯坦人提供更光明的未来。”我们期待着与巴勒斯坦人民,以及我们希望今后与巴勒斯坦领导人继续建立伙伴关系和对话。”

虽然庞培试图将这一举动描绘成官僚管理的转变,但领事馆的降级却具有强烈的象征意义,表明美国承认以色列对耶路撒冷、犹大和撒玛利亚的控制。

以色列负责公共外交的副内阁部长、前以色列驻华盛顿大使迈克尔·奥伦(Michael Oren)似乎在欢迎这一举措的推特中证实了这一观点。

他写道:“对于以色列、耶路撒冷和美国来说,这是伟大的一天。”这项宣布“关闭美国驻耶路撒冷领事馆并将其职责移交给大使馆,结束了美国对耶路撒冷分部的最后支持。”以色列对此深表感激。

巴勒斯坦人的烟雾

巴勒斯坦方面在去年年底承认耶路撒冷为以色列首都后,几乎断绝了与特朗普政府的所有联系。与此同时,巴勒斯坦方面迅速谴责了特朗普政府。

巴勒斯坦民族权力机构主席阿巴斯的国际事务顾问纳比尔·沙阿斯说,这是一个“非常糟糕的决定”,违反了过去的协议,并且延续了唐纳德·特朗普总统承认耶路撒冷为以色列首都的决定。

“现在,他切断了他与巴勒斯坦人民的最后联系。沙阿斯说,他实际上是说耶路撒冷是支持以色列的。“这个决定与和平无关。它使和平变得复杂,使它变得不可能。”

领事馆降级只是特朗普做出的一系列决定中最新的一项,巴勒斯坦人谴责了这一决定。

12月,以色列政府承认耶路撒冷为以色列首都,1月份,它削减并最终结束了美国对巴勒斯坦联合国机构(近东救济工程处)的资助,正如它在向巴勒斯坦人提供绝大多数双边援助时所做的那样。

上个月,政府以美国法律为由,下令关闭在华盛顿的巴勒斯坦外交使团,该法律规定除非与以色列进行可信的和平谈判,否则将关闭驻华盛顿的巴勒斯坦外交使团。

自从弗里德曼成为美国驻以色列大使以来,他一直主张,他应该对领事馆拥有权力。几十年来,领事馆的运作几乎与美国在世界各地的其他领事馆不同。

通常情况下,领事馆的领导人,也就是众所周知的总领事向大使汇报,大使在美国的所有岗位上都有“任务负责人”的权力。相比之下,耶路撒冷领事馆总领事历史上有他或她自己的首席执行官。与耶路撒冷局势最接近的情况是美国驻香港领事馆,该领事馆也有自己的首席执行官。

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