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“The LORD confides in those who fear him; he makes his covenant known to them. My eyes are ever on the LORD, for only he will release my feet from the snare.” — Psalm 25:14-15 Listen to chapter Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. Powered by BibleGateway.com.

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U.S. judge halts 3-D printed gun blueprints hours before planned release

U.S. District Judge Robert Lasnik in Seattle said the blueprints’ publication could cause irreparable harm to U.S. citizens. The decision blocked a settlement President Donald Trump’s administration had reached with a Texas-based company, which initially said it planned to put files online on Wednesday.

Gun control proponents are concerned the weapons made from 3-D printers are untraceable, undetectable “ghost” firearms that pose a threat to global security. Some gun rights groups say the technology is expensive, the guns are unreliable and the threat is being overblown.

Josh Blackman, a lawyer for the company Defense Distributed, said during Tuesday’s hearing that blueprints had already been uploaded to the firm’s website on Friday.

The publication of those files is now illegal under federal law, Lasnik said.

“There are 3-D printers in public colleges and public spaces and there is the likelihood of potential irreparable harm,” Lasnik said at the end of a one-hour hearing on the lawsuit.

Defense Distributed and its founder Cody Wilson, a self-declared anarchist, argued that access to the online blueprints is guaranteed under First and Second Amendment rights, respectively to free speech and to bear arms.

Lasnik said First Amendment issues had to be looked at closely and set another hearing in the case for Aug. 10. In a comment apparently directed at Wilson, the judge said breaking the law was something “anarchists do all the time.”

Blackman said in an interview he was disappointed in the court’s ruling and the judge’s comment.

“Mr. Wilson scrupulously obeys all court orders,” Blackman said, adding that he was awaiting the judge’s written order before deciding on further legal action.

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Eight states and the District of Columbia on Monday filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing it acted arbitrarily in reaching the June settlement.

The states said online blueprints would allow criminals easy access to weapons. They said the Trump administration had failed to explain why it settled the case and that its decision violated their ability to regulate firearms and keep citizens safe.

Eric Soskin, a lawyer for the U.S. State Department, told the judge on Tuesday that the government’s role in the case was that of a bystander.

“As part of this decision, the United States has determined that the kind of guns you can go and buy in any store are not a threat to national security,” Soskin said of the settlement.

Defense Distributed’s files include 3-D printable blueprints for components that would go into the making of a version of the AR-15 semi-automatic assault rifle, a weapon that has been used in many U.S. mass shootings.

Earlier on Tuesday, Trump raised concerns about the sale of plastic guns made with 3-D printers and said on Twitter he had talked with the powerful National Rifle Association lobbying group about the weapons.

“I am looking into 3-D Plastic Guns being sold to the public,” he said. “Already spoke to NRA, doesn’t seem to make much sense.”

White House spokesman Hogan Gidley later told reporters it’s illegal “to own or make a wholly plastic gun of any kind, including those made on a 3-D printer.”

The NRA followed suit.

“Regardless of what a person may be able to publish on the Internet, undetectable plastic guns have been illegal for 30 years,” Chris Cox, executive director of the NRA’s Institute for Legislative Action, said in a statement.

The gun plans were pulled from the internet in 2013 by order of the U.S. State Department under international gun trafficking laws. Wilson sued in 2015, claiming the order infringed on his constitutional rights.

(路透社) – 一名美国法官周二阻止计划发布三维打印枪支蓝图,并在他们上网前几个小时,支持各州起诉停止发布设计制造安全检查可能无法检测到的武器的设计。

西雅图的美国地方法院法官罗伯特拉斯尼克说,蓝图的出版可能对美国公民造成无法弥补的伤害。该决定阻止了唐纳德特朗普总统的政府与总部位于德克萨斯州的公司达成的和解协议,该公司最初表示计划在周三将文件存档。

枪支管制的支持者担心,3D打印机制造的武器是无法追踪的,无法察觉的“幽灵”枪械,对全球安全构成威胁。一些枪支权利组织表示,该技术价格昂贵,枪支不可靠,威胁被夸大了。

防务分布公司的律师约什布莱克曼在周二的听证会上表示,周五蓝图已经上传到该公司的网站。

Lasnik说,根据联邦法律,这些文件的发布现在是非法的。

“在公立大学和公共场所都有3D打印机,可能会造成无法弥补的伤害,”Lasnik在一小时的诉讼听证会结束时说道。

Defense Distributed及其创始人Cody Wilson,一位自称为无政府主义者的人士认为,根据“第一修正案”和“第二修正案”的权利,可以保证获得在线蓝图的权利,分别是言论自由和携带武器。

拉斯尼克说,必须密切关注第一修正案的问题,并在8月10日的案件中再次举行听证会。在一份显然针对威尔逊的评论中,法官说违法是“无政府主义者一直在做的事”。

布莱克曼在接受采访时说,他对法院的裁决和法官的评论感到失望。

“先生。威尔逊严格遵守所有法院命令,“布莱克曼说,并补充说,他在等待法官的书面命令,然后才决定采取进一步的法律行动。

赞助的故事

周一,八个州和哥伦比亚特区对联邦政府提起诉讼,称其在达成六月和解协议时任意行事。

各州表示,在线蓝图将允许犯罪分子轻松获取武器。他们说,特朗普政府未能解释为何解决案件,而且其决定侵犯了他们管理枪支和保障公民安全的能力。

美国国务院律师埃里克索斯金周二告诉法官,政府在案件中的角色是旁观者。

“作为这一决定的一部分,美国已经确定,你可以在任何商店购买的那种枪都不会对国家安全构成威胁,”索斯金谈到了这一解决方案。

Defense Distributed的文件包括用于制作AR-15半自动突击步枪版本的组件的3-D可打印蓝图,这种武器已在许多美国大规模枪击事件中使用。

周二早些时候,特朗普对三维打印机制造的塑料枪的销售表示担忧,并在推特上说他已经与强大的全国步枪协会游说团体谈论了这些武器。

“我正在研究向公众出售的三维塑料枪,”他说。 “已经与全国步枪协会谈过,似乎没有多大意义。”

白宫发言人Hogan Gidley后来告诉记者,拥有或制造任何类型的全塑料枪是非法的,包括那些在3D打印机上制造的。

NRA紧随其后。

NRA立法行动研究所执行主任克里斯考克斯在一份声明中表示,“无论一个人在互联网上发布的内容是什么,未检测到的塑料枪已经违法30年了。”

2013年,根据国际枪支贩运法,美国国务院的命令将枪支计划从互联网上撤下。威尔逊在2015年起诉,声称该命令侵犯了他的宪法权利。

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