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历史日志

2018年六月
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India, China and Russia Refrain from Recognizing ‘East Jerusalem’ as Capital of ‘Palestine’

United with Israel

The silence of three powerful countries on Jerusalem’s status speaks volumes on their shift in policy vis-a-vis the diplomatic process in Israel.

By: Ben Cohen/ the Algemeiner

Foreign ministers from India, Russia and China notably refrained from recognizing ‘East Jerusalem’ as the capital of Palestine at their annual meeting in New Delhi this week – seven days after the US recognized the holy city as the capital of Israel.

The decision not to restate the position on Jerusalem long-held by all three countries was in marked contrast to their joint call at last year’s meeting in Moscow for a “sovereign, independent, viable and united State of Palestine, with East Jerusalem as its capital.” At this year’s 15th annual meeting, their statement on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict stressed support for “an independent, viable, territorially contiguous Palestinian State living side by side in peace and security with Israel within mutually agreed and internationally recognized borders,” without mentioning the issue of Jerusalem.

The absence of Jerusalem from Tuesday’s statement is particularly striking given the strident opposition to the US move in the Arab and Muslim worlds. Turkey and Iran, both of whom retain close diplomatic and security ties with all three countries, have led the denunciation of the US announcement on Jerusalem.

India in particular stands out for not having even taken a position on the US decision. Asked for clarification of India’s position on December 7, a spokesperson for the External Affairs Ministry said simply, “India’s position on Palestine is independent and consistent. It is shaped by our views and interests, and not determined by any third country.” Bilateral relations between Israel and India were handed an unprecedented boost by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s high-profile visit to the Jewish state in July of this year.

Russia’s individual position is also under scrutiny, following the announcement by its foreign ministry last April that Moscow was recognizing West Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. At the time, the Russians stated their reaffirmation of their “commitment to the UN-approved principles for a Palestinian-Israeli settlement, which include the status of ‘East Jerusalem’ as the capital of the future Palestinian state. At the same time, we must state that in this context we view ‘West Jerusalem’ as the capital of Israel.” That statement went onto declare support “for the two-state solution as an optimal option that meets the national interests of the Palestinian and Israeli people, both of whom have friendly relations with Russia.”

Meanwhile, China’s official statement in response to Trump’s decision expressed strong concern at the security implications of the move but stopped short of full-throated condemnation. A spokesperson for the foreign ministry even implied that historic claims of exclusive Arab ownership of the city are not as clear-cut as Palestinian leaders might believe.

“The question over the status of Jerusalem is complicated and sensitive,” foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said, following Trump’s recognition announcement. “All parties should be cautious in order to maintain peace. All parties should avoid shaking the long-term foundations of solving the Palestinian issues, and avoid creating new divisions in the region.”

三个强大的国家对耶路撒冷地位的沉默,说明了他们在政策上相对于以色列外交进程的转变。

由:本科恩/ Algemeiner

印度,俄罗斯和中国的外交部长本周在新德里的年会上 – 在美国承认圣城为以色列首都的七天后,明显没有承认“东耶路撒冷”是巴勒斯坦首都。

决定不重申三国长期以来对耶路撒冷的立场,这与他们去年在莫斯科会晤联合呼吁建立一个“以东耶路撒冷为首都的主权,独立,可行和团结的巴勒斯坦国”形成鲜明对比“在今年的第十五届年会上,他们关于以巴冲突的声明强调支持”在彼此同意和国际公认的边界内与以色列和平与安全毗邻共存的独立,可行的,领土上相连的巴勒斯坦国“提到耶路撒冷问题。

由于美国在阿拉伯世界和穆斯林世界的举动遭到强烈反对,耶路撒冷从周二的声明中缺席是特别引人注目的。土耳其和伊朗两国都与这三个国家保持着密切的外交和安全关系,从而谴责了美国在耶路撒冷的声明。

印度尤其突出地表示对美国的决定甚至没有立场。要求在12月7日澄清印度的立场时,外交部发言人简单地说,“印度在巴勒斯坦的立场是独立和一贯的。这是由我们的观点和利益所决定的,而不是由任何第三国决定的。“今年7月,莫迪总理对犹太国家的高调访问使以色列和印度之间的双边关系得到了前所未有的推动。

在俄罗斯外交部去年4月宣布莫斯科承认西耶路撒冷为以色列首都之后,俄罗斯的个人立场也受到严格审查。当时,俄罗斯方面表示重申“对联合国核准的巴以和解原则的承诺,其中包括”东耶路撒冷“作为未来巴勒斯坦国首都的地位。同时,我们必须指出,在这种情况下,我们认为“西耶路撒冷”是以色列的首都。“那声明继续宣布支持”两国解决方案是符合巴勒斯坦国家利益的最佳选择和以色列人都和俄罗斯有友好关系。“

与此同时,中国官方对特朗普的决定作出的回应表达了对此举的安全影响的强烈关切,但没有受到全面的谴责。外交部发言人甚至暗示说,阿拉伯独有的城市历史主张并不像巴勒斯坦领导人所认为的那样明确。

“耶路撒冷地位问题复杂而敏感”,外交部发言人耿爽在特朗普宣布承认之后说。 “各方都应该谨慎以维持和平。各方应避免动摇解决巴勒斯坦问题的长期基础,避免在该地区出现新的分裂。“

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